Glaciers in Tajikistan rapidly shrinks

More than 1,000 glaciers have completely melted in Tajikistan, Orif Amirzoda, director of the Institute of Water Problems, Hydropower and Ecology of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, Doctor of Technical Sciences said, Khovar news agency reported.

At the beginning of the 20th century, 11% of the country’s territory was covered with glaciers. In the middle of the last century, it became 8%, and by the beginning of this century, the area of ​​​​glaciers in Tajikistan was only 6% of the country’s territory, says Amirzoda.

The reason for the melting of glaciers and the reduction of their areas was the warming of the climate and the growth of greenhouse gases.

“In order to determine the history of the formation of glaciers in the Eastern Pamir region, scientists from the Institute of Water Problems, Hydropower and Ecology of the National Academy of Sciences of Tajikistan, together with scientists from the Institute of Geography of Moscow State University of Lomonosov conducted a joint expedition in June-July 2022 to establish the nature of the climate and landscape changes in different periods. Samples are taken for further study using unique precise study equipment and the results of the study of the samples are presented. Thus, in the current conditions, Tajikistan, as an initiating country on environmental issues, pays special attention to strengthening and comprehensively expanding relations with countries and organizations in the field of climate change and environmental protection,” Amirzoda noted.

In order to protect glaciers at the international level, Tajikistan proposed declaring 2025 the International Year for the Protection of Glaciers and setting the date for the World Day for the Protection of Glaciers.

Photo: Risk.ru

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Oct. 03, 2022